Below is an going, ever growing list of terms often associated with pain in the stomach / abdomen and peripheral words to go with them:
Auto-immune disease – When the body’s immune response actually turns on itself and see tissues and other parts of the body to be foreign it is called auto-immune disease. CD and UC are considered auto-immune diseases.
CD – Crohn’s Disease – An autoimmune disease which usually affects the small bowel ileum or colon.
Colonoscopy – (according to Wikipedia.com) is the endoscopic examination of the colon and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. It may provide a visual diagnosis (e.g. ulceration, polyps) and grants the opportunity for biopsy or removal of suspected lesions.
NOTE: I believe the most important part to understand here is that it is a video providing an intimate look into your colon for the sake of discovering possible polyps, ulcerations and other obstructions of abnormalities. Colon = colon, scopy – viewing.
Colectomy – Col = colon and Ectomy = removal. The removal of any part of the colon.
Diverticulitis – An all too common digestive disease most often found in the large intestine. Diverticulosis is when pouches called diverticula form on the on the outside of the colon and become inflamed. It is very painful.
Ulcerative Colitis – An auto-immune disease that is found in the colon and rectum. Both Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis should be monitored carefully as they can become precancerous symptoms of colon cancer.